Guillain-Barré syndrome

Guillain-Barré syndrome
= postinfective polyneuropathy
a disease of the peripheral nerves in which there is numbness and weakness in the limbs. It usually develops 1–28 days after a respiratory or gastrointestinal infection (commonly with Campylobacter) that provokes an allergic response in the peripheral nerves. Involvement of the respiratory muscles may require mechanical ventilation. Recovery is variable and often prolonged. Treatment with immunoglobulins (intravenous) or with plasma exchange may speed recovery and reduce long-term disability.
See: polyradiculitis [G. Guillain (1876–1961) and A. Barré (1880–1967), French neurologists]

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • Guillain–Barré syndrome — Guillain Barré syndrome Classification and external resources ICD 10 G61.0 ICD 9 357.0 …   Wikipedia

  • Guillain-Barré syndrome — [gē lan΄bä rā′, gēlan′bä rā′] n. [after G. Guillain & J. Barré, 20th c. Fr neurologists] an acute neurological disorder of unknown cause, involving partial paralysis of several muscle groups and occurring rarely after certain viral infections and …   English World dictionary

  • Guillain-Barré syndrome — Infobox Disease Name = Guillain Barré syndrome Caption = DiseasesDB = 5465 ICD10 = ICD10|G|61|0|g|60 ICD9 = ICD9|357.0 ICDO = OMIM = 139393 MedlinePlus = 000684 eMedicineSubj = emerg eMedicineTopic = 222 eMedicine mult = eMedicine2|neuro|7… …   Wikipedia

  • Guillain-Barre syndrome — This disorder is characterized by progressive symmetrical paralysis and loss of reflexes, usually beginning in the legs, with in most cases nearly complete or complete recovery. The Guillain Barre syndrome is not associated with fever (although… …   Medical dictionary

  • Guillain-Barre syndrome — noun a form of peripheral polyneuritis characterized by pain and weakness and sometimes paralysis of the limbs; cause is unknown • Syn: ↑infectious polyneuritis, ↑Landry s paralysis • Hypernyms: ↑polyneuritis, ↑multiple neuritis * * *… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Guillain–Barré syndrome — [ˌgɪjaGuillain–Barré syndrome bareɪ] noun Medicine an acute disorder of the peripheral nerves causing weakness and often paralysis of the limbs. Origin 1916: named after the French physicians G. Guillain and J. Barré, who described the syndrome …   English new terms dictionary

  • Guillain-Barré syndrome — noun Etymology: Georges Guillain died 1961 French physician and Jean A. Barré died 1967 French neurologist Date: 1939 a polyneuritis of unknown cause characterized especially by muscle weakness and paralysis …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Guillain-Barré syndrome — /gee yan beuh ray /, Pathol. an uncommon, usually self limited form of polyneuritis, occurring after a viral illness or immunization and manifested by loss of muscle strength, loss of or altered sensation and sometimes paralysis. [after French… …   Universalium

  • Guillain-Barré syndrome — /gilæn ˈbareɪ sɪndroʊm/ (say geelan bahray sindrohm) noun Medicine a disorder in which the body s immune system attacks part of the peripheral nervous system, causing weakness or tingling sensations in the arms, legs, and upper body which can be… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Guillain-Barre syndrome — (= Landry G B syndrome) Acute infective polyneuritis, associated with cytomegalovirus infection, in which there is cell mediated immunity to a component of myelin; the disease may be autoimmune in origin. Causes a temporary paralysis,… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

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